Alcohol-Related Motor-Vehicle Crash (ARMVC)

Introduction

Utah has adopted the Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) for state and LSAA planning in order to impact population behavior for two statewide identified priorities:

  1. alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes (ARMVC)
  2. prescription narcotic related morbidity and mortality (PNMM)

Your community may have been identified as having a high incidence of either ARMVC, PNMM or both.

The purpose of this page is to familiarize community planners with county data as an objective way to look at the environmental, social, and underlying factor data in order to better understand ARMVC in regards to their community.

This data provides the opportunity for a comprehensive needs assessment for

  1. Understanding the nature and extent of ARMVC in your community
  2. Identifying the underlying factors that contribute to the problem.

The Utah SPF Logic Model highlighted below presents the priority Alcohol-Related Motor Vehicle Crashes consequences and consumption patterns to be addressed by the SPF State Incentive Grant (SIG) Project, as well as potentially important causal variables that contribute to these problems.

This is the level at which your community’s intervention will target and operate.

ARMVC Logic Model for SPF-SIG

Alcohol-Related Motor-Vehicle Crash Priority

Alcohol-Related Motor-Vehicle Crash Logic Model for SPF-SIG

Consequences Indicators:

  1. Property Damage due to ARMVC
  2. Injury due to ARMVC
  3. Fatalities due to ARMVC

Consumption Indicators:

  1. Drinking and driving
  2. Binge drinking
  3. Heavy problem drinking
  4. 30 day use

Causal Factor Details:

  • Retail availability – Is alcohol easy to obtain by underage drinkers because sales outlets do not ID potential underage buyers, or does a high density of outlets contribute to high availability of alcohol in your community?
  • Criminal justice/enforcement – Is there little enforcement of sales of alcohol to minors, possession of alcohol by underage drinkers, or lack of prosecution of alcohol related offenses?
  • Social availability – Do underage drinkers obtain alcohol easily through social avenues, such as parents, family members, or friends over the age of 21?
  • Promotion – Do low price specials by both on-premise and off-premise alcohol outlets contribute to problematic drinking patterns in your community? How much promotion of alcohol occurs through newspapers, billboards, TV or other media outlets?
  • Community norms – Do community norms support problematic drinking patterns or underage drinking?
  • Individual factors – What types of individual factors might contribute to problematic drinking? Are individuals high in risk factors? Low in protective factors?

See the full Salt Lake (County) LSAA Profile and Statistics for ARMVC (PDF).